Tissues called Tonsil and Adenoid are important elements of the body's defense system and are made up of immune system cells. They have a role in making the secretions (especially immunoglobulins) and cells necessary for the immune system to work. Thanks to the immune secretions that pass through the mother during her infancy, the immune system does not need to work hard, so the juvenile meat and tonsils are small. From the age of 2, the task of immune secretions passing through the mother in children ends and the child's own immune system begins to function. Children become sick more often than adults because their child's immune system meets microbes such as bacteria, viruses, allergens, chemicals and other foreign substances and creates an immune response to them. At the same time, due to the hard work of the immune system, tonsil and adenoid growths are more common at this age. The age range in which infections and adolescent flesh - tonsil growths are most common is between 3 and 9 years old. After 9 years of age, the size of the adolescent flesh and tonsils begins to shrink and is considered to reach the adult age around 12 years of age. It is also accepted that the frequency of infection will decrease to the adult level after this age.
The large meat of the adenoid prevents the nose from breathing. In addition, they cause problems of different sizes by disrupting the discharge of the ears and sinuses. Hearing loss, snoring, mouth breathing, night coughs, and runny nose are observed in these children. Chronic adenoid inflammation or enlargement can lead to orthodontic disorders, facial development disorders, and speech impairment.
Serious problems such as snoring and sleeplessness, which we call apnea, begin when the tonsil and adenoid growth reaches the size to narrow the upper respiratory tract. In these cases, it is useful to discuss with an ENT specialist.
The disease known as rheumatic fever is a complication caused by antibodies against group A beta hemolytic streptococci. It can cause disorders in the heart valves.
IN WHICH CASES SHOULD THE TONSILS AND GENE EAT BE TAKEN?
Tonsil and adenoid surgeries are frequently performed in ENT clinics. When there is no benefit from drug treatment, surgical removal is applied. There are two criteria used to decide on this surgery.
CONDITIONS REQUIRING FINAL OPERATING
Obstruction of the upper respiratory tract depending on the size of the tonsils and adenoids
Abscess around the tonsil (Peritonsillar abscess)
Malignant tumor suspected
Adenoid and tonsil enlargements that disrupt jaw structure
Recurrent tonsil infections are at the top of the relative criteria. This is why 40% of tonsil surgeries are performed.
Having inflamed tonsil inflammation 7 times in the last year or 5 times per year in the last two years or 3 times per year in the last three years or more.
Diphtheria (bird palsy) germ carriers
People with heart valve disorders.
Frequent otitis media due to tonsil and adenoid inflammation.
Such conditions are called chronic tonsillitis. In its solution, surgical treatment is recommended and planned.
At what age are these surgeries done?
Tonsil and adenoid diseases are known as pediatric age group problems, but the same rules apply for adults. Tonsil surgery is also performed in adults who do not have any serious health problems that will prevent surgery. Adolescent meat that prevents breathing is taken without age limit. tonsilectomy (tonsillectomy) age limit is determined as 3. There is no upper age limit, but in general, the incidence of these diseases is low in older ages and simple solutions are often preferred.
Is tonsil surgery surgery risky?
After the tonsil surgery, many scientific studies on the body's defense system have been conducted, but no clear results have been obtained. Laboratory tests in humans with tonsils have been found to have changed some blood values, but no evidence of weakening of the immune system has been found to date. There is a belief that it is easier to have pharyngitis after tonsil surgery or that the infection spreads more easily to the lower respiratory tract. People with or without tonsils have the same incidence of pharyngitis. Removing tonsils does not increase the rate of pharyngitis. At the same time, lower respiratory tract infections are seen with the same frequency in people with and without tonsils.